François Dubet a montré avec Marie Duru-Bellat qu'il ne fallait certes pas tout attendre de l'école, et des diplômes. Mais peut-on se passer complètement de maîtres ?

"To me, the word autodidact summoned up a picture of a cobbler who read Voltaire in the original; or a friend of my father, a mechanic like him, who bought the whole run of the Encyclopaedia Britannica and studied a few pages every night; or my father, out of school at 14 but busy with his night-school geology and his Teach Yourself Economics.", écrit Ian Jack dans The Guardian.

"Do we believe that a university degree in art history is the best token of an interest and enthusiasm for visual art? So many British universities do them (43 at the last count) and I'd be willing to bet that a more illuminating conversation could be had about Rembrandt with someone keen enough on his pictures to have visited the royal collection and read a few books, rather than with most art history graduates."

"This isn't the old complaint of "More is worse", but a protest against a kind of layering of society […] that privileges formal qualification over the more personal routes that knowledge can be got. In this process, the curiosity of Everyman has rotted and may soon be lost."

Lire l'article (anglais)

Source : The Guardian, 04/12/10

(Ian Jack renvoie dans son article à l'analyse de John Sutherland, parue le 30/11/10 : "English degrees for £27k - who's buying?")