En Géorgie, on n'a pas de pétrole, mais on parle anglais, tel pourrait être le slogan du ministre de l'Éducation Dimitri Shashkini : "Georgia, which has 4.6 million people, would prosper economically only by significantly improving its educational system. Ensuring that every child knows English is a major part of that objective, he said. “Georgia doesn’t have natural gas or oil,” Mr. Shashkini said. “The resource that we have is our human intellectual potential. So we need to use that potential as much as possible.” Mr. Shashkini said the government was not doing away with Russian classes, but rather making them as optional as French or German. In general, English is now mandatory." 

Les langues ont depuis toujours été instrumentalisées : "During the Soviet era, the Communists used the Russian language to bind the nation’s far-flung regions, requiring it as the second — and sometimes primary — language from Estonia to Uzbekistan. But since the Soviet Union collapsed two decades ago, many of the former Soviet republics have elevated their own languages and marginalized Russian in order to bolster their independence and national identities."

Un passage en force ? "The turnabout is stark in Georgia, whose cultural ties to Russia extend back centuries. Many Georgians older than 40 readily speak Russian, while the young people who have come of age under Mr. Saakashvili are often more interested in English. The government is intent on hastening that trend."

Mais le système éducatif est encore défaillant : "As in much of the developing world, the local English teachers sometimes do not speak competent English. Children are told to memorize lists of words and are engaged in little if any conversation. Teenagers who have been in English classes for years cannot utter a sentence. Some of the new teachers, assigned to village schools with crumbling classrooms and few textbooks, questioned the Georgian government’s emphasis on English. “It’s like buying an espresso machine before you’ve built a kitchen,” said James Norton, 23, from Boulder, Colo."

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Source : "Still Fighting Russia, This Time With Words", Clifford J. Levy, The New York Times, 23/01/11.